The cucumber is a member of the Cucurbitaceae family, along with squash and different kinds of melon. Cucumbers are high in water and low in calories, fat, cholesterol, and sodium.
They have a mild, refreshing taste and a high water content. They can be refreshing and pleasant to eat in hot weather and help prevent dehydration. It is eaten savory, but it is strictly a fruit.
Cucumbers have been grown in India for food and medicinal purposes since ancient times, and they have long been part of the Mediterranean diet.
Depending on the type, cucumber can be sliced in a salad or eaten whole as a snack or to clean the palate after a meal. They can be consumed with or without the skin.
Cucumber also features in a number of beauty products.
This article looks at the nutritional content of cucumber, its possible health benefits, tips for eating or using cucumber, and any potential health risks.
Fast facts about cucumber:
Cucumbers consist mainly of water.
Some people use cucumber to soothe sunburn.
Early research shows that a compound found in cucumbers might help fight cancer.
Cucumbers contain lignan, which may help fight cardiovascular disease.
Cucumber is a versatile food that can be added to a variety of dishes.
Cucumber makes a refreshing snack and it offers a range of health benefits.
Fruits and vegetables of all kinds offer a range of health benefits.
Plant foods, such as cucumber, have been linked to a lower risk of obesity, diabetes, heart disease, among others, while promoting a healthy complexion, increased energy, and a healthy body weight.
The chemical profile of cucumbers is thought to give them a number of possible health benefits.
Consisting mostly of water, and containing important electrolytes, cucumbers can help prevent dehydration during the hot summer months or during and after a workout.
Adding cucumber and mint to water can increase water consumption by making it more attractive to drink.
Dehydration is important for many things including maintaining a healthy intestine, preventing constipation, and avoiding kidney stones.
2) Bone health
A sufficient intake of vitamin K has been associated with healthy bones that are less likely to fracture.
One cup of cucumber provides 8.5 micrograms (mcg) of vitamin K. The Office of Dietary Supplements (ODS) recommends that women aged 19 years and over consume 90 mcg of vitamin K each day, and men 120 mcg. It also contains calcium. Vitamin K helps improve calcium absorption. Together, these nutrients contribute to good bone health.
As a member of the Cucurbitaceae family of plants, cucumbers contain high levels of nutrients known as cucurbitacins, which may help prevent cancer by stopping cancer cells from proliferating and surviving.
Cucumbers contain cucurbitacins A, B, C, D, and E.
There are currently no current anti-cancer therapies that utilize cucurbitacins. Laboratory research has produced promising results, but more work is needed to confirm their antitumor effects.